How to do a cross stitch

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Sewing is an age-old craft that has adorned fabric for about as long as fabric has existed. Cross-stitch embroidery in particular has been around since at least the Middle Ages. According to Encyclopedia Britannica, at that time “we called him opus pulvinarium, or work cushion. As the name suggests, cross stitch is a double stitch diagonally crossing the intersections of the horizontal and vertical threads of the fabric. It is a square and crossed shape of embroidery which involves regularities and counting. For some designs to inspire your embroidery, check out Cross stitch patterns so cute you’ll want to frame them. If you are a beginner, read on for a step by step description of how to get started with cross stitch.

1. Choose your fabric

Because cross stitch embroidery requires you to make small stitches in a square format, the right fabric can make all the difference. A fabric with a weave that has a visible square pattern will make your cross stitch sewing much easier. The fabric referred to as “sewing fabric,” “embroidery fabric,” “cross stitch fabric,” “uniform weave fabric,” or “Aida fabric” generally has the square and evenly spaced texture necessary for counted cross stitch.

2. Choose your model

Cross stitch patterns are usually formatted as grids, in which each square is equivalent to a cross stitch. The pattern will tell you the size of the fabric you will need and the number of squares you will need to complete the pattern. You will follow this pattern by reproducing the stitches and thread colors of the pattern on your fabric.

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3. Configure your supplies

In addition to the fabric, you will need different colors of embroidery floss (which match the design you are using) and needles for sewing. An embroidery hoop is also a useful tool, as you can stretch your fabric between them to keep it taut and make it easier to thread a needle.

4. Sew away

Most cross stitch patterns use two strands of embroidery thread, so you will need to separate the threads and prepare your needle, knotting the thread at the very end so that it does not cross the fabric while sewing. The stitch most often associated with cross stitch is, of course, an “X”. Start at the back of the fabric and sew your needle all the way to the front, creating a line of / / / / / half-diagonal stitches. Come back with opposite half diagonals to create the finished XXXXX line. You can also make one X at a time by completing the two diagonals, one after the other, before moving on to the next X. You will continue to sew this way until you run out of thread. Tie the thread at the back of the fabric to secure it, then start over with a new length of thread.

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Is cross stitch your favorite form of embroidery? What cross stitch patterns have you been working on lately?


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